30 Apr What is the Smart Waste Collection?
What is the smart waste collection?
This type of collection is said to be smart, because it uses radio frequency identification (RFID) transponders to identify the bins and to link it to your address. The trucks are equipped with infrared readers and a reading is recorded each time the bin is lifted. The frequency of your use of the waste collection service is therefore automatically associated with your address, based on your habits. This reading will compile statistics on the use of collections and will facilitate the monitoring of anomalies (bin not accessible, forgotten, broken etc.).
The second phase of the smart collection consists of implementing incentive tariffs. This tariff approach will be established in the future according to the frequency of presentation of the green bin, according to the user-pay principle.
The goal of smart collection is to encourage residents to put their green bin on the street only when it is full. The more we recycle and compost, the less we throw away, the less often we put our green bin on the street and the less it costs! The truck will also have less need to stop, which saves time and money, as well as reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.
Why did the Town decide to set up smart collection?
According to a Recyc-Québec study, only 3% of the contents of the green bin are actually waste. As a result, on average, 97% of the materials in the green bin should not be found there. For several years, the RCM of Vaudreuil-Soulanges and the Town of Hudson have been implementing various solutions to optimize the management of residual materials, such as the establishment of the eco-center network, the collection of recyclable materials, the collection of green residues. With the implementation of organic matter collection in the fall of 2018, residents of the Town of Hudson now have all the means to recover the 97% of matter that ends up in the waste bin by mistake.
What are the advantages of smart collection?
Smart collection has many benefits for the Town of Hudson, its citizens and the environment.
- Smart collection encourages sorting and reduction of waste. It encourages citizens to put their bin less often on the edge of the road. Thus, the collection truck stops less, the number of trucks required is reduced and the amount of material collected is reduced. This allows the municipality to make significant savings in addition to reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from trucks and landfilling.
- Smart collection with an eventual incentive tariff is fairer, more beneficial and more logical than current pricing, because it takes into account the efforts you are making to reduce your amount of waste.
- Smart collection also makes it easier to follow up on anomalies that may be caused on the day of a collection, such as omissions.
Why do we need to change our habits?
The Town of Hudson must comply with the requirements of the Government of Quebec, which provides for the banning of paper, cardboard and organic matter in landfills by 2020. In addition, the Québec Action Plan for waste management seeks to:
- Valorize 60% of organic matter;
- Recycle 75% of paper, cardboard, glass and scrap metal;
- Send 70% of construction waste (CRD) to sorting centers;
- Reduce the amount of waste by 16%.
Will the other waste collections be maintained and will their frequency be reduced?
No. Recycling and organic waste collections will be offered every week. The Town of Hudson does not plan on decreasing the frequency of these collections.
Why shouldn’t organic matter be put in the green bin?
Even if organic matter ends up decomposing in landfills, it is harmful to the environment if it is improperly treated. When buried, they are stacked and deprived of oxygen. In the absence of air, organic matter breaks down into methane, a greenhouse gas much more potent than carbon dioxide (CO2). In addition, their high-water tenure creates leachate, an acidic liquid from organic matter that is harmful to the environment.
Is smart collection more expensive?
No, smart collection does not cost more. With the reduction of waste associated with smart collection, the Town of Hudson will be able to make significant savings in terms of the cost of landfilling waste, because the Town must pay a certain amount for each ton buried, which continues to increase. In addition, the less the municipalities send waste to landfill, the greater the financial compensation from the Government of Quebec. Finally, smart collection reduces the number of trucks and drivers in the city, which will also lead to a reduction in the price related to the collection of its materials.
Are my neighbours not likely to put their garbage in my bin or throw it anywhere?
The user-pay system for waste collection has already been implemented in Europe and North America for several years. In Quebec, it exists in several municipalities, such as Beaconsfield. In the Vaudreuil-Soulanges region, the cities of Sainte-Marthe and Notre-Dame-de-l’Île-Perrot have implemented smart collection pilot projects. All reports are unanimous: there is little increase in these disturbing gestures and when they do, they disappear quickly. As the user-pay system is fairer, it is very popular with citizens.
What is my role in smart collection?
- From May 4th to 29th, make sure your green bin is accessible and visible in your front yard, so that the electronic chip can be affixed. If the chip has been installed on your bin, a door hanger will be installed on your door and you can store your bin. If your bin was not visible or accessible, such a notice would be left on your door. Please make your green bin visible and accessible.
- Identify your bin and do not interchange it with those of your neighbours. The bin will now be associated with your address.